On 19 April 2016, the Working Group on Arbitrary Detention found the detention of Mr. Abdel Fattah to be arbitrary and recommended that the Egyptian Government immediately release him and provide him with adequate reparation (A/HRC/WGAD/2016). Mr. Mohamed El-Baqer is a human rights lawyer and the director of the Adalah Center for Rights and Freedoms, an organisation providing legal support for political prisoners, and promoting civil and political rights in Egypt. Ms. Esraa Abdel Fattah is a woman human rights defender and a journalist. She worked as a coordinator at the Egyptian Democratic Academy (EDA), a youth organisation promoting the values of democracy, human rights and political participation. She is known for actively promoting workers’ rights and democracy. She has recently publicly called for the release of all prisoners detained during the September protests. Ms. Esraa Abdel Fattah was the subject of a joint communication sent by Special Procedures mandate holders on 12 June 2015 (case no. EGY 10/2015). We acknowledge receipt of the response from your Excellency’s Government to this communication dated 18 August 2015, however we regret that it does not provide detailed answers that are specific to the questions raised therein and remain concerned in light of the new allegations detailed below. According to the new information received: On 20 and 21 September 2019, a number of peaceful protests took place in cities across Egypt, including in Cairo, Alexandria, Al-Mahalla, Giza, Damietta, Mansoura and Suez. Protesters called for President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi to step down and also demonstrated against government corruption and austerity measures, which have reportedly and disproportionally affected persons on lower incomes and the most vulnerable of society. In response to the demonstrations, security forces allegedly rounded up and arrested many of the protesters and used excessive force against them, including the use of tear gas, rubber bullets and live ammunition, resulting in injuries. Reportedly, during, after and since the protests to the present, authorities have arrested at least 3,000 people, including protesters and bystanders, journalists, academics, lawyers and prominent human rights defenders. A number of the arrests allegedly took place after security forces stopped and searched citizens and journalists in the street and on public transportation, specifically checking for photos and videos of the protests on mobile phones. 2

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